Neither nature which made human life possible nor, the almighty who created mankind would surely not be happy with the state the world is now. Their reasons for the creation of human-life kind have not been serving its purpose in the right path, I think.
Evolution, civilization, modernization, and globalization different transformations through eons have witnessed many major changes both geographically and demographically.
Even after all this, even after mankind performed many splendors, invented many wonders, developed many infrastructures, we are just trying to crumble everything apart with our differences in different ideologies and opposed propagandas.
Ideologies against regions, religions, economic and socio-political communions, habitual compulsions have all led the nations around the world to face different kinds of terrorism in different regions from many different periodicals throughout history, till today.
Terrorism, the word which you think you know a lot about, yet you belittle the dangers and chaos it is causing.
What is terrorism defined as?
An act of violent force used to exploit and threaten the harmony and structural living of people, the ideologies and beliefs they believe in, to achieve various propagandas with the use of various methods and strategies which is and which has caused harm to the living and stumbling the non-living.
According to the experts from the defense and security departments around the world, the term terrorism is a classified division into four major groups based on their ideologies and propaganda.
In India, we have all the four major groups bases and which are functioning for long periods throughout history.
Ethno-nationalism terrorism groups are formed and engaged in violent acts of terror with the agenda of acquiring the status of a separate state within India, the status of an independent state from India. There are tensions raised between the states from North-East India (seven sister states) among themselves and with the central government. Many disputes have erupted between these parties to satisfy their propaganda since the independence. Even in the south region of India, we have Tamil- Nationalists who also believe in the same ideology of ethno-nationalism terrorism.
BLT (Bodo Liberation Tigers) and ULFA (United Liberation Front of Assam) are two of the major ethno-nationalism groups found in the northeast region of our nation.
In January of 2007, ULFA killed 62 Hindi-speaking migrants from Bihar. There are many instances where the ULFA has killed people from Bihar, but this one seemed a more notorious crime committed by the ULFA.
These are commonly known terrorism groups for all people across the globe because of their violent crimes on regular basis all around the planet. This group focuses on forming religious imperatives, one specific religious group against one or more religious groups. People believe that only Islamic religious groups are part of this type of terrorism. Well, at present that might be a true acknowledgment on some basis, but in fact, other such religious groups have practiced religious terrorism.
Most of the nations across the globe feel that they are the major targets and victims of violent acts of terror against them. Many terrorist organizations took birth following the ideology of religious terrorism. ISIS, JeM, Lashkar-e-Taiba, Al-Qaeda, LRA (The Lord’s Resistance Army) many names, many regions, many organizations, all with the same use and methods of force to intimidate the normalcy.
9/11 terrorist attack on American soil were a series of attacks by hijacking four commercial planes. Two of them were crashed into World Trade Centre and one flight was crash-landed at Pentagon and the last which was believed to be targeting the Capitol building was crash-landed in the fields. This operation was planned and carried out by the Al-Qaeda terror group.
26/11 terrorist attack in Mumbai was also a series of attacks that were carried out by 10 members of the Let terrorist organization. The attacks lasted for four days at 12 different locations in Mumbai with shooting and bombing few places killing 174 people and wounding 300 persons. These two attacks are considered as the major impacted terrorist attacks in their respective nations.
A terror group that follows the ideology of communism. Left-Wing terrorism or what you call Naxalism or Maoism believes that economic ideologies and socio-political structures are exploiting humankind, which is why they use revolution as a means to commit violent crimes to restore the socialist state in the regions.
Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, some parts of Telangana are major hubs for these groups.
Maoist attack on former CM of Andhra Pradesh N.Chandra Babu Naidu is an example of Left-Wing Terrorism presence in India.
Narco-terrorism is proving to be a major concern for India. Narco-terrorism is a group that creates illegal narcotic contrabands like heroin, cocaine, opium to supply and the money that is procured by selling these contrabands is used for funding the terrorist organizations to carry out various operations and missions.
Although there is high security across the borders the smugglers are finding new routes to transport the drugs. Pakistan is currently playing a major role in making and supplying drugs into the Indian borders from Gujarat, Punjab, before the Uri bomb blast from Kashmir and Srinagar too.
Indian politicians in power also feel that narco-terrorism is growing its methods and becoming a major threat to the youth of our nation. In a recent press meet, Central Home Minister of India said that the Pakistan terror groups are targeting the local backward Muslim youth for their operations in circulating the drugs in India and misleading them to join the terror groups.
The drug cartels from Pakistan and Afghanistan are using the coastal line of Gujarat to enter the drugs into India. In the last year about 2,000 kgs of heroin worth 6000 crores were seized by the Indian officials at the coastal borders.
Is there a solution to contain terrorism?
Many nations face this serious problem of terrorism in their own backyards. Terrorism is spreading its operations and grip over many major cities in the world like a plague or like the recent pandemic (Covid-19).
SATP – South Asia Terrorism Portal has listed around 180 terrorist organizations which were operating for the past 20 years from Trans-National terror networks. Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan are among the terror networks that are focused on attacking the stability and harmony in India. Currently, India has a ban on 38 terrorist organizations under the first schedule of the UAPA Act (Unlawful Activities Prevention Amendment Act), 1967.
As of 2012, many listed terror groups in the SATP list were also banned by America and European Union.
Although this has been a major concern for many societies, to eradicate terrorism, they are finding it very difficult to find the right plan of action that can put an end to terror groups and their operations. In the short while, there is none, it can be hard to achieve that target but in the long run, all nations altogether can find a solution to stop them. All the powerful nations can see to it by cutting their resources and stopping their means of funds, tracking, tracing, and destroying their bases.
For many decades terrorism has claimed many human lives, destroyed many people’s dreams.
With all the business expansions, easy means of transportation, students going aboard for everywhere higher education, migration for jobs have given plenty of reasons to enter a country’s borders without raising suspicion in the eyes of security departments at the cross border checking.
People must realize that threats are present, nobody can be very sure of their safety and security all the time. All that we can do is be prepared for the worst. There is a lifeline in this too although the manpower of the government security department is not sufficient the rise of the private security industry and its enough manpower can be a viable option to protect the treats, at least internally.
Along with the changing world, we also need to change our ways of approaching a solution that can keep us safe. Because of the private security industry proving its worth in the field of security, internal threats can be minimized on a large scale.